Bank Negara Malaysia Annual Report 2018 - The Challenge to Sustaining Momentum

28 March 2019

  • Bank Negara Malaysia expects the MALAYSIAN ECONOMY to grow by 4.3-4.8% (mid-point at 4.7%) in 2019 (4.7% in 2018). This is in line with our estimate of 4.5-4.7%.
  • DOMESTIC DEMAND will continue to be the anchor of growth, underpinned by private sector activity as public sector continues to consolidate spending. Both private consumption and investment are expected to grow decently in 2019 while public investment will contract sharply due mainly to the completion of major projects and continued rationalization of spending.
  • ALL ECONOMIC SECTORS are forecasted to expand, albeit mixed growth in 2019. The services and manufacturing sectors will continue to be the key drivers of overall growth. Both the mining and agriculture sectors are expected to rebound on recovery in production as the supply-induced shocks and disruptions receded.
  • HEADLINE INFLATION is projected to average between 0.7-1.7% in 2019 (1.0% in 2018), due mainly to some pass-through of domestic cost factors (the lapsing of consumption tax, increase in minimum wage, electricity surcharge on businesses) amid the moderating effect from stable fuel prices.
  • OVERALL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK could see UPSIDE RISKS coming from stronger than expected global growth, which bodes well for exports, investment and income of export-oriented industries, including the expansion of production capacities of some industries. The DOWNSIDE RISKS are rising trade tensions among major trading nations; abrupt shifts in global monetary and regulatory policies; sharp corrections in financial markets would weigh on confidence and economic activity.

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